First, the obligation not to make concessions to Israel in the Golan Heights on the 1967 borders. It is known that one of the main points of contention in the Syrian-Israeli negotiations, is Syria's insistence on restoring full territory under Syrian sovereignty until Tiberias beach, that is, until the 1967 borders, while Tel Aviv offer to withdraw to the borders of Mandatory Palestine, and annexing the land between Golan and Galilee, being a Palestinian land, in exchange for "abandoning" land in the Negev for the Palestinian state.
The Syrian Muslim Brotherhood accepted the Israeli offer, so did PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas. Assad wants "Brotherhood" to declare their adherence to the Syrian national position, in a document before any dialogue.
Secondly, adhere to the principle of the secular Syrian state, as a core principle not subject to debate.
It is clear that Syria Brotherhood would reject the first condition; their declared concessions to Israel in the Golan, is an integral part of the understanding with the United States. The issue is not just about border concessions, but related to the security of Israel and to ensure USA interests, which represents the cornerstone of the U.S. Brotherhood Alliance.
It is noted that Washington supported the Brotherhood Mohamed Morsi President to impose a theocratic dictatorship constitution against the demolition of tunnels, and preventing the supply of weapons into Gaza, and preventing resistance emanating from Gaza.
The "Brotherhood", can't accept the second condition; because accepting it means the losing the leadership in the Syrian political Islam, and also losing their allies in the sectarian Turkish Gulf project.
The conditions are a painful blow for the Muslim Brotherhood; revealing their involvement with Israel against the interests of Syria, and expose them to the secular opposition forces.
Assad wants, rightfully, before any dialogue an agreement (decleration) confirming the Syrian national constants. These constants are:
- No compromise on the territory of Syria for Israel or Turkey,
- No compromise on the size and arming the Syrian Arab Army,
- No comprise on Syria's sovereignty and interests in any of the projects in the oil, gas, etc., and
- Commitment to secular State.
- Acceptance of Mandatory borders instead of the 1967 borders in the Golan,
- Acceptance of Turkish claims in the Syrian territory
- Acceptance of reducing the size and arming of the Syrian army and link it to the West,
- Accept the unfair conditions in major regional projects (line Qatari gas to Europe, Turkish water line to Israel, etc.) and the dismantling of the public sector and the abolition of all the social gains of the workers and peasants in Syria.
Mursi said Egypt's priority was to halt the bloodshed and to work, with "Arab, regional and international support and consensus", for a political solution that would allow "the Syrian people to replace the current regime" with elected leaders.
"All of that while preserving the unity of Syria," Mursi, an Islamist, said during a televised speech to Egypt's Shura Council, or upper house of parliament. "There is no place for the current regime in the future of Syria."
Assad has been losing ground to rebels waging a 21-month-old uprising. Egyptians ousted their longtime authoritarian president, Hosni Mubarak, in a popular revolt in February 2011. Mursi won office in a free election earlier this year.
"The revolution of the Syrian people, which we support, will go forward, God willing, to realise its goals of freedom, dignity and social justice," Mursi added.
So we have the following dynamic: Assad agrees that the future of Syria should be decided upon in elections, and Assad agrees to negotiate without any pre-conditions. The opposition reject both the ballot and any negotiations.