Guillaume Durocher is a French political writer and historian. He has lived in many European countries and worked in politics and journalism. He writes for several Alt-Right publications, including The Occidental Observer, Counter-Currents, and Radix.We begin by discussing the results of the recent election. Guillaume compares Trump’s victory to Brexit, for the mainstream media – through its polls and pundits – failed to accurately predict either. We discuss what this means for not only America, but the West as a whole. Guillaume explains that the American nation-state is now run by a wildcard, and that if Trump drastically alters the course of America, Europe will follow suit.
Saturday, 19 November 2016
Interesting discussion on what Trump’s victory may mean both for America and for Europe.
From the video description:
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian
The challenges faced by Palestinian olive farmers during harvest season each year are considerable. This year has been no different.
Report: Israeli Settlers Steal Harvest of 400 Olive Trees
Occupying Israeli settlers have stolen the harvest of 400 olive trees planted on private Palestinian land, farmers in Nablus told Ma’an News earlier this week.
Ghassan Daghlas, a Palestinian official who monitors settlement activities in the northern West Bank, told Ma’an that more than 30 Palestinian families from the Nablus district village of Deir Sharaf entered their agricultural lands yesterday after being banned since Friday by Israeli authorities.
According to Daghlas, the families “were shocked to find out that Israeli settlers had picked the olives of 400 olive trees planted in their lands,” near the illegal Israeli settlement of Shavi Shamron.
“Israeli settlers stealing olive harvests is a crime against Palestinian farmers and their properties,” Daghlas said, denouncing “the Israeli government’s knowledge [of settlers’ actions] and the complete silence of international society and human rights organisations.”
Daghlas also demanded compensation for the Palestinian families who lost their olive harvest.
The olive harvest is an important economic and cultural event for Palestinians, with nearly half of all cultivated land in the occupied Palestinian territory planted with olive trees, according to the United Nations.
However, due to illegal settlement expansion, land confiscation, mobility restrictions due to Israel’s Separation Wall, and various permit laws, Palestinian farmers are often unable to access their land and the number of olive trees is dwindling.
This year’s olive harvest season, which began in October, has already witnessed attacks by illegal Israeli settlers and Israeli regime’s restrictions on Palestinian farmers and their lands.
The Palestinian government has no jurisdiction over Israelis in the West Bank, and violent acts carried out by illegal occupying Israeli settlers go unpunished.
Israeli human rights groups Yesh Din and B’Tselem have previously condemned the Israeli regime for failing to protect Palestinians from settler violence or to investigate attacks, particularly during olive harvest season when incidents of attacks occur on an almost daily basis.
Gaza Farmers Succeed in Tending to Olive Harvest–With International Support
By Joe Catron
During the recent olive harvest, which lasted from the end of September through October, dozens of Palestinian volunteers joined farmers in their groves near the tense barriers of the Gaza Strip.
The volunteers worked during a week at the height of the harvest season, from 20 to 27 October, in two of the farming districts most often targeted by Israeli forces: Beit Hanoun, around the Erez checkpoint in northern Gaza, and al-Qarara, a town in the Khan Younis area of the southern Gaza Strip.
Along with others near the “buffer zone” separating Gaza from present-day Israel, these areas face regular incursions by Israeli forces, which often send tanks and bulldozers to level farmland. Even more frequent are the bursts of gunfire aimed at farmers or others near the barrier erected by Israel.
These attacks have claimed vast tracts of productive farmland stretching hundreds of meters into the Gaza Strip, converting them to wasteland or fields of low-maintenance crops, most of which are wheat.
Abeer Abu Shawish, project coordinator for the Protection for Better Production campaign — a project of the Arab Center for Agricultural Development — said that more than fifty volunteers joined the effort.
The mobilization involved farmers’ organizations, like the Union of Agricultural Work Committees, and other groups across Gaza.
“Our partner organizations mobilized volunteers to help farmers in the restricted area harvest their olives,” Abu Shawish said. “They’re other farmers, civil society activists, women: all these people joined us this year.”
“We can just plant wheat and wait,” said Abu Jamal Abu Taima, a farmer in the village of Khuzaa outside Khan Younis. “Other crops need to be tended every day.”
Abu Jamal’s 50 dunams (a dunam is equivalent to 1,000 square meters), which he plans to sow with wheat after the November rains begin, once contained olive groves as well as greenhouses for an array of vegetables.
“We used to grow enough olives for seventy large bottles of olive oil,” he said. “Now? Six.”
In 2002, Israeli forces began razing Palestinian agricultural areas near the barrier, as well as along the Philadelphi Route by the Gaza Strip’s border with Egypt.
This included the demolition of Abu Jamal’s olive groves and greenhouses, as well as his home. “The Israelis destroyed them with four bulldozers, five huge tanks and three Hummers,” he said.
Since its occupation of the Gaza Strip and West Bank in 1967, Israel has uprooted 800,000 olive trees in those territories, Oxfam reported in 2011. As the graphic design activism initiative Visualizing Palestine recently illustrated, those trees would cover an area 33 times the size of New York City’s Central Park.
By 2013, according to the Palestinian ministry of agriculture in Gaza, Israeli forces had leveled “some 20,000 dunams of land areas planted with half a million trees” in the Gaza Strip, contributing to a local deficit in olive oil production of 60 percent (“Israeli crimes against farmers cause 60 percent deficit in olive production,” Palestine News Network, 24 September 2013).
In the West Bank, the destruction of olive trees by both Israeli settlers and occupation forces continues. Stop the Wall and the Palestinian Farmers’ Union have organized an accompaniment project there, the You Are Not Alone campaign. By 8 November, its volunteers had documented the burning and uprooting of 1,905 olive trees by settlers during this harvest season alone.
A report by Stop the Wall states that its list of attacks does not “pretend to be complete.” Among the problems encountered by farmers trying to reach their olive trees are “settlers pump[ing] toxic sewage water on agricultural land” (“Settlers burn and uproot 1,905 olive trees during the harvest season,” 8 November 2013).
On 28 October, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz published excerpts of a list of settler attacks on Palestinian olive groves and farmers maintained by the Israeli army (“Israeli attacks on Palestinian olive groves kept secret by state.”
The Israeli human rights organization Yesh Din has reported that Israeli occupation police “overwhelmingly failed to investigate the incidents and prosecute offenders,” noting that of 211 investigations actually opened between 2005 and June 2013, only four produced indictments (“97.4 percent of investigative files relating to damage of Palestinian olive trees are closed due to police failings,” 21 October 2013).
On 11 September, the Israeli army’s West Bank commander said his troops would destroy olive groves in the town of Yabad for unspecified “security purposes” (“Israeli authorities to destroy olive groves for ‘security purposes,” Ma’an News Agency, 9 November 2013).
“We are still here”
But the destruction of olive trees in the Gaza Strip is largely complete. For years Israel has used armored Caterpillar D9 bulldozers, accompanied by tanks, to clear away olive trees in the “buffer zone.” Farmers in the area, who face the constant threats of both gunfire and leveling of land, have little reason to plant any crop needing regular attention or significant resources, much less crops that require years of careful cultivation and maintenance.
“I want to plant more olive trees, and other things, but cannot,” Abu Taima said. “For now, I plant wheat.”
With exceptions — most notably a 28 October airstrike on an olive grove near Soudanya in the north of Gaza — the Strip’s olive harvest passed more quietly than most agricultural activities in the territory.
“We try to bring international attention to the farmers and discourage Israeli attacks on them,” the Protection for Better Production campaign’s Abu Shawish said. “By supporting them, we encourage them to access their lands and keep using them. It shows the Israelis we are still here, and we can access our lands without any fears. Farmers in the restricted area can resist the occupation by existing on their own lands.”
The Arab Center for Agricultural Development’s programs for farmers do not end with accompaniment, Abu Shawish explained. The organization has conducted intensive leadership training for 100 farmers from the Gaza Strip’s five governorates, in farmers’ rights as well as skills like public advocacy. It has also held awareness-raising workshops for 500 more farmers.
“We are interested in building a social movement for farmers in Gaza,” she said.
The workshops also aim to build popular support for boycotts of Israeli products and the purchase of Palestinian goods among farmers.
“These workshops are about how to encourage farmers themselves to be involved in the boycott campaign, and how they can help the national economy by boycotting Israeli agriculture,” Abu Shawish said.
“We try to encourage farmers to boycott Israeli agricultural goods and buy Palestinian products to support the local economy. It’s raising awareness. At the same time, it’s about getting farmers involved in the campaign itself.”
Abu Taima, too, has a path of resistance.
“For us, the land is something very important,” he said. “We cannot just leave it. We will not have another 1948. We will not leave our lands again.”
Joe Catron is a US activist in Gaza, Palestine. He co-edited The Prisoners’ Diaries: Palestinian Voices from the Israeli Gulag, an anthology of accounts by detainees freed in the 2011 prisoner exchange. He blogs at joecatron.wordpress.com and tweets @jncatron.
Poverty-Stricken Gaza Farmers Cheerful with Good Olive Harvest
GAZA, Oct. 18 (Xinhua) — For thousands of farmers in the Palestinian Gaza Strip, olive harvest season is a chance to gain some money amid the dire economic and living conditions caused by Israeli restrictions on the movement of people and goods.
The family of Kamal Obaid, from Gaza City, work shoulder to shoulder in harvesting their eight donum (1 donum is about 1 acre or a little more than 900 square meters) olive garden with much joy amid a cheerful atmosphere.
In the Gaza Strip, a tiny coastal enclave ruled by Islamic Hamas movement, olive industry has been a major business for thousands of farmers.
The harvest season is largely celebrated by farmers who spend a whole year taking care of the trees to ensure a bountiful crop of olive and an excellent produce of olive oil.
Every single member of Obaid’s family, from grandparents to grandchildren, put their efforts together to harvest their olive trees.
While men harvest the olives using tall ladders, women help by taking different tasks. While some prepare tea for the family, others sit on the ground and very thoroughly pick up the crop and pile it up to be sold.
The 56-year-old man believes this season is the best in decades.
“This season is really great. It is way better than last year. Last season’s whole produce of this garden did not exceed 200 kg, but one tree can produce so much this season which is really great,” Obaid said he collected fresh olive fruits.
The olive harvest season in Palestine starts in the beginning of October till the end of November. Most of farmers sell their crops as raw fruit in local markets, while others take the produce to mills for making oil.
Tens of thousands of olive trees, which are considered symbol of Palestinian culture, have been uprooted by Israeli troops during military conflict with Palestinian armed groups in the past decades in Gaza.
The territory has also been under a tight Israeli blockade since Hamas movement violently took over power there after routing government troops in 2007.
The blockade has pushed Gaza’s two million population deeper into poverty as unemployment rates hit 43 percent.
In the recent years, Israel and Hamas have been engaged in three major wars that claimed the lives of thousands of Palestinians.
According to official figures, Israel’s war on Gaza in 2014 destroyed 10,000 donums of land planted with fruits and other crops, 5000 of them were planted with olive trees.
Obaid was one of those farmers who lost some of their olive trees in the war.
“I have another three donum and a half farm of olive trees and it was totally destroyed during the war in 2014,” the man said bitterly as he watched his grandchildren taking part in the harvest.
Obaid added that the uprooted trees were over 60 years of age, saying it was a grave loss since the farm was a respected source of income for his large family.
“It also provided job opportunities for family members who wait for the seasons impatiently,” he explained.
Thanks to this generous season, the Hamas-run agriculture ministry expected that Gaza will not import any olive or olive oil this year.
According to the ministry, Gaza olive farms are expected to produce some 3500 tons of olive oil and 30,000 tons of olive fruits.
The ministry attributed the abundant crops to last winter’s plentiful rain in addition to planting thousands of new blossoming olive trees after the recent wars.
The olive business is considered to be the backbone of Gaza’s agricultural sector as 38,000 donums in the 360 square km seaside territory are planted with olive trees.
Friday, 18 November 2016
The Syrian army, Hezbollah and other pro-government groups have entered the area of Aqrab in western Aleppo. November 16 morning, the government forces launched a preemptive shelling of Jaish al-Fatah militants in Aqrab and then attacked their positions. Following a series of clashes, the army and its allies boke the militnats’ defenses to seize the area. Most of militants withdrew from Aqrab to al-Rashidin 4. However, some firefights was ongoing in the area. If the government forces fully secure Aqrab, they will reverse all gains achieved by Jaish al-Fatah in western Aleppo during its major offensive in the area.
On November 17, the Syrian army’s Tiger Forces and its allies attacked al-Rashidin 5 from the direction of al-Assad, engaging Jaish al-Fatah militants in a series of firefights. Advances took place amid heavy Russian air strikes in the Aleppo-Idlib countryside.
The Syrian military has deployed a number of Pantsir-S short to medium range air defense systems to the Kuweires Military Airbase near the Syrian city of Aleppo, according to reports. The aim of this move is to defend the government forces in Aleppo from the Turkish Air Force that has been supporting the pro-Ankara militant groups’ advance on the ISIS-controlled town of al-Bab in the province of Aleppo.
The recently appeared photo from the Kuweires Military Airbase confirms that at least one Pantsir-S system has been deployed in the area. Recently, up to 1,000 Syrian army soldiers arrived to the Kuweires Military Airbase to reinforce the government forces invoved in military operations in Aleppo city. Pro-government sources argue that Syrian soldiers have been continuing to arrive to the area.
At least 30 Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists, including three field commanders, were killed by raids of Su-33 from Admiral Kuznetsov’s deck in the province of Idlib. “Eliminated field commander Abul Baha al-Asfari was in charge of uniting the remaining reserves of Jabhat al-Nusra groupings in the provinces of Aleppo and Hama, as well as of planning and carrying out another militant attack on Aleppo,” Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said.
- الشمال السوري: قوات متعددة الجنسيات… برعاية «قسد»
- حلب تنتظر أوان الخطط… وريف حمص يدخل خط النار
- موسكو: علاقتنا بدمشق لن تغيّرها عقوبات واشنطن
- تفجير يستهدف «الزنكي» في أعزاز
- «الأخبار» في دير الزور: بين الحصار والمجزرة خطوة!
- RUSSIA KILLS 30+ RATS IN IDLIB, 3 OF WHOM WERE MAJOR FIELD COMMANDERS; SYRIAN ARMY ADVANCES IN ALEPPO AMIDST HUGE DEMONSTRATIONS TO RID CITY OF TERRORIST RODENTS; BRANDON TARGETED BY MSM HYPOCRISY
- Syrian Army storms Sheikh Sa’eed District in southwest Aleppo
- Jihadist rebels on the verge of surrendering last stronghold in West Ghouta
- ISIS claims 198 Kurdish fighters killed in northern Raqqa
- Mother of all battles to begin in Aleppo
November 17, 2016
by Oleg Maslov
It’s official, Russia has decided to grab the bull by the horns. Just one week after the shocking vote in the US presidential election resulted in a Trump victory, Russia has decided to pull all the stops and take care of some long lingering business while Obama’s administration is working overtime to manage a transition that no one expected would happen and Obama himself is out of the office, making what might be his very last visit to Europe, calming the closest of American allies in a time of serious questions about the future of the American relationship with NATO.
Obama has just two months before Trump will be sworn in and much of the time and energy of his staff will be consumed by briefing Trump and his cabinet, which is not yet fully formed, on their duties and on the situation in the world in general. Perhaps Obama’s own transition team will try to convince the Teflon Don and his staff to pursue a similar policy on many issues, not the least of which include Obamacare and the Paris agreement on climate change. Trump himself has already received a call from Putin shortly after the election, one of Trump’s most publicized calls with world leaders after news of his victory broke, putting even more pressure on Obama’s transition team to get their points across quickly.
In the meantime, Obama is making his last expected tour of Europe before Trump’s inauguration. It is not certain exactly why Obama chose to visit Greece first, but it is certainly significant that he was greeted with tens of thousands of protesters, in the least because it shows the current zeitgeist. Obama has to perform his duties of Salesman in Chief as he goes around to NATO allies and reassures them of budget commitments to American forces stationed abroad. I can only imagine the brain-tingling questions that Obama will have to field from the German and French defense ministers.
The main source of all the sweating European bureaucrats is Trump’s apparent friendliness with Russia and criticism of NATO, which could mean that Brussels will have to have some existential discussions on many long standing policies, including the sanctions against Russia. In fact, if Trump were to recognize Crimea as a legal part of Russia, as he has suggested that he is willing to do, Europe may either have to follow suit and bring down the house of cards commonly referred to as the Ukrainian Crisis or declare an open break with Washington’s foreign policy, a veritable checkmate.
If the current batch of Eurocrats were to keep their jobs (which is looking questionable), they would most probably try to avoid an open break with Washington or, ironically, risk losing their jobs. An open break with Washington would set the European Union into open waters of foreign policy sovereignty, a move that would meet with great resistance from many sources. Either way, an incredible shake-up is coming to Ukraine soon as they are about to have much less friends in the ‘international community’.
However, all of these major theatrical dramas and loud, painful snowflake whines are actually working wonderfully to divert attention from the real news. This last Monday night, Russia did several noteworthy things on a globally relevant geopolitical level that will surely resonate with the global movers and shakers. Russia launched an all-out air assault onto ‘Syrian rebels’ operating in the Homs, Idlib, and Latakia provinces of Syria. Monday night’s military campaign coincided with the biggest corruption bust in the history of modern Russia – the Russian Economy Minister Ulyukaev was taken into custody by the FSB after being caught demanding and accepting a $2 million bribe. Lastly, and perhaps less significantly but just as suddenly and symbolically, Russia has announced that it will no longer participate in the International Criminal Court.
However, in the humble opinion of this author, the most important fact to note connecting these three events is that they represent huge milestones in the modern history of Russia. One event is on the domestic political and economic level, connecting staff thought to be within the inner circle of the Kremlin specifically with financial corruption. The second is purely military in nature and works to show off the power projection capabilities of the modern Russian military. Thirdly, Russia’s decision to leave the ICC is a huge signal to Russia’s positions in the context of international bodies, up to and including the UN.
I would like to highlight this point just one more time to make sure that the meaning doesn’t slide by anyone. The government of Russia has just performed the biggest government shake up since the fall of the Soviet Union, with the FSB arresting the ‘untouchable’ Economy Minister from his post and placing him on a very public trial for extorting a very large bribe. Russia have also launched the biggest attack on an enemy military at least since the Second Chechen conflict, which was the major event of the first few years of Putin’s presidency over 17 years ago, and, at most, since Soviet forces left Afghanistan in 1989, 27 years ago. And lastly, Russia has made a very major and unexpected decision to abandon the jurisdictions of the ICC, long known for its adherence to justice and fair verdicts (sarcasm). AT NEARLY EXACTLY THE SAME TIME!
Is it just me, or does it seem like the planets are aligning here?
Let’s analyze the first event. Alexei Ulyukaev was accused of extorting a bribe from state-owned oil company Rosneft to tune of $2 million, cold hard cash, and was arrested by investigators (mostly three letter agencies) at night. To top it all off, one official said under condition of anonymity that Ulyukaev’s arrest was the final act in a yearlong investigation by the FSB. Ulyukaev, a member of the Russian government since the break-up of the Soviet Union, has been considered as member of Russia’s liberal, Western-leaning politicians. Of particular interest is Ulyukaev’s CV.
Ulyukaev has held some critical positions in the modern Russian government, including serving under Gaidar and managing the shock privatizations of Soviet assets (as well as the shock hyperinflation) from 1991-1994. He was a deputy to Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin from 2000-2004 before taking a job as the first vice-chairman of the Russian Central Bank, a position that he held from April 2004 to June 2013. When he was arrested, again, in the middle of the night, he was the acting Economy Minister.
Ulyukaev was certainly high on the list of those considered to be untouchable.
Along with Ulyukaev, the vice-governor of Saint Petersburg and some high-ranking officials in the regional government of the Kemerovo region have also been arrested for corruption after investigations by the FSB.
Various commentary has already surfaced claiming that Putin has turned to the age old Russian tradition of the Purge. Opinion leaders in the community are writing that no ‘chinovnik’ or oligarch could feel that ‘untouchable’ anymore after Ulyukaev’s arrest and that corrupt officials better behave or face the ax. Still others are claiming that Putin is consolidating his power and is preparing to become a dictator in the classic sense. No matter which explanation you prefer, the fact remains that the Russian government is powerfully expressing its political and economic sovereignty and is publicly making a loud statement against corruption.
The second incident was a comprehensive and simultaneous assault on rebel targets all over Syria in a very short time frame. Targets were struck with a bevy of missiles launched both from sea and by land. One of the most surprising features of this massive campaign is the sheer size and diversity of it. The Bastion system, highlighted as a defensive surface-to-surface missile system, showed off its potent attack power, engaging targets up to 300 miles away.
IHS Janes reports on the news that Russia is “not known to have previously claimed” that the Bastion, which is originally an anti-ship missile, “has a land attack capability”. It turns out that missile ‘defense’ systems designed to engage land targets, such as the United States Missile Defense systems in Poland and Romania, can easily be used to engage in attacks on land targets. Surprise, surprise.
However, the brunt of the missile strikes done by Kalibr missiles launched from the Mediterranean Sea, most notably from Russia’s new and improved frigate, the Admiral Grigorovich. In fact, the Russian naval group, led by the aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, made ‘waves’ in Europe as the group was headed to their final destination, the Syrian coast, from which they launched volley after volley of high precision cruise missiles at targets from what is most likely a confusing medley of rebel groups. It is highly likely that, among the rebel groups which met the explosive end of a Russian cruise missile, some were directly funded by American allies, and less likely that the Russians even targeted groups directly trained or supplied by the CIA.
This major military move actually kills two birds with one stone. First, it provides Russia’s allies and ‘partners’ in the area with a bit of information about how far and in what quantity the Russian military can project its power. Further, it reveals that the Russians are most likely purposefully understating the power and capabilities of many of their newest technologies (although this should come as a surprise to no one). Also to this point, the Russian government did not ask permission of any international body when it passed through international waters and made its way to Syria, despite the ‘uncomfort’ felt in London. The second stone is that Russia has engaged in one of the most effective and convincing advertising campaigns for their newest export model military products. With loud fanfare, the Russians showed the world that Russian arms still give great bang for the buck.
The last major move, but, in the view of this author, not nearly as significant as the other two, is Russia’s decision to withdraw its signature from the Rome Statute, which established the International Criminal Court. This move was sudden and symbolic, coming after the ICC ruled Russia’s ‘annexation’ Crimea illegal and called the current situation an ‘occupation’, but will lead to no noticeable change in real terms, since Russia never actually ratified the Rome Statute, meaning that it never submitted itself to the jurisdiction of the ICC to begin with.
One can write more on the nature and meaning of the withdrawal of Russia from the ICC, but the readers are welcome to find their own facts and form their own opinions. I will also stop short of giving my opinion on this strange set of geopolitical ‘coincidences’, and finish only with a invitation for speculation on what these facts could mean for the future of Russia, Russia’s relationship with Europe and the world, and the global security structure as a whole.
Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)
(10 – 16 November 2016)
- Israeli forces continued to use excessive force in the oPt
- 6 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, were wounded in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
- House demolitions on grounds of collective punishment.
- A room was closed with concrete in Yatta, south of Hebron.
- Israeli forces conducted 64 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 6 ones in occupied Jerusalem.
- 57 civilians, including 15 children and a woman, were arrested.
- Fifteen of them, including 12 children and the woman, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
- The Health Improvement Program’s office in Ramallah was raided and some of its content were confiscated.
- Israeli forces continued to target Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
- 2 fishermen were arrested and their fishing boat was confiscated, north of the Gaza Strip.
- Israeli forces continued their efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
- 2 residential apartments in al-Mukaber Mount and 2 stores in Beit Hanina were self-demolished by their owners.
- 2 barracks, an agricultural room and a mosque foundation in Silwan and Sour Baher villages were demolished.
- Settlement activities continued in the West Bank.
- 2 agricultural rooms in Qalqilya and a residential tent, a social service centre and a well, south of Hebron, were demolished.
- 28 storehouses in al-Ouja village, north of Jericho, were demolished; 6 of them were roofed while the others were still in the foundation phase.
- Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 9th
- Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
- 3 Palestinian civilians were arrested at military checkpoints.
- A trader at arrested at Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, north of the Gaza Strip.
Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (10 – 16 November 2016).
Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 6 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
In the West Bank, on 10 November 2016, Anas Zaid (15), from al-Jalazoun refugee camp, was wounded and then arrested. The aforementioned boy was wounded then dozens of Palestinian civilians gathered at the northern entrance to Birzait village, north of Ramallah, to organize a protest marking the 12th death anniversary of Yasser Arafat. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldier, who were present in the area.
On 11 November 2016, Majdi Jom’a (13) was hit by a tear gas canister to the right leg during Kufor Qaddoum weekly protest, northeast of Qalqilya.
In the Gaza Strip, on 11 November 2016, 4 Palestinian civilians were wounded. Three of whom participated in a peaceful protest organized at the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Shuja’iya, east of Gaza City, while the 4th was wounded during a similar peaceful protest at the border fence, east of al-Bureij refugee camp, in the central Gaza Strip.
In the context of targeting Palestinian fishermen, on 10 November 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed in the sea opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 6 nautical miles. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
On 16 November 2016, Israeli gunboats opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and arrested fishermen Abdul Hafez As’ad al-Sultan (37) and his brother Ammar (23), both from al-Salateen neighbourhood in Beit Lahia. Israeli forces also confiscated their boat. At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 16 November 2016, the Israeli authorities released Ammar while kept his brother and the boat in custody.
On 16 November 2016, Israeli gunboats opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. No casualties were reported.
House demolitions on grounds of collective punishment:
On 10 November 2016, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided a house belonging to the family of Zain Awad (24) and started closing a room of an old house, in which Zain used to live. It should be noted that Zain has been arrested by Israeli forces since 09 June 2015 under the pretext of being engaged in offering help to Palestinians from al-Makhamra family from the same city, who carried out a shooting attack in Tel Aviv in June 2015 that resulted then in the killing of 3 Israelis.
During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 64 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 6 others in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 57 Palestinian civilians, including 15 children and a woman. Fifteen of them, including 12 children and the woman, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
On 16 November 2016, Israeli forces raided the Health Improvement Program’s office in Ramallah and damaged its content. They then confiscated some contents and withdrew later.
Creating Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem:
On Sunday morning, 13 November 2016, Ja’abis family self-demolished 2 residential apartments in al-Mokaber Mount, southeast of Jerusalem, in implementation of the Israeli District court under the pretext of building without a license.
On the same day, two Palestinian traders namely Mohammed al-Najar and Nedal Gheith, self-demolished their shops in Beit Hanenah neighbourhood in implementation of the Israeli municipality decision under the pretext of building without a license.
On Tuesday, 15 November 2016, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a 200-square-meter barrack for horses and 15-square-meter agricultural rooms belonging to ‘Alaa’ Shweiki in al-Thawri neighbourhood in Silwan village, south of East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of building without a license.
On the same day, the municipality bulldozers demolished the foundations of Um al-Qora Mosque in Sour Baher village, southeast of East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a licence. They also demolished a barrack in the same area.
Settlement activities and settlers’ attacks against Palesitnian civilians and their property:
On Thursday, 10 November 2016, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliya to the west, heading to al-Naqqar neighbourhood and demolished a 30-squatre-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin-roofed and health. The vehicles then moved to the east to al-Razazah neighbourhood, where they demolished another 28-square-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin-roofed.
On 13 November 2016, Israeli Forces confiscated a generator and light digging equipment belonging to al-Sheikh ‘Awad Hanani from Beit Foriq village used in an afforestation project in Kherbet Tana, east of Beir Foriq, east of Nablus, funded by Oxfam.
On 14 November 2016, Israeli forces demolished 28 stores in al-‘Oja village, north of Hebron belonging to Jamal Freijat (51). Six of these stores were roofed while the rest were still under-construction. Clashes occurred between civilians and Israeli forces, who fired tear ags canisters and sound bombs. As a result, the aforementioned civilian suffered tear gas inhalation and his condition was described as serious.
On Tuesday, 15 November 2016, Israeli forces accompanied with a vehicle belonging to the Israeli Construction and Organization Department and bulldozer moved into Kherbet Um al-Kheir, southeast of Yatta. They demolished Um al-Kheir Social Centre, which was only built of pillars and a shader cloth by the residents on the rubbles of the centre demolished months ago under the pretext of building without a license. They also levelled a 20-square-meter residential tent belonging to ‘Ali Mohammed Khalil Hathalin and his 4-memebr family. The Israeli forces then demolished a water well belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud al-‘Adrah in al-Hayah area, east of al-Dirat village.
Restrictions on movement:
Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.
The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.8 million people. The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy. They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 38.8%, 21.1% of which suffer from extreme poverty. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 44%, which reflects the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.
In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.
- Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
Thursday 10 November 2016
- At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Marakah village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses. At approximately 04:45, they arrested 5 civilians and then withdrew from the area. The arrested civilians were identified as Bilal Mohammed Abu Jalbush (31), Saleh Ali Mousa (39) and his brother Ahmed, Samir Shafiq Mousa (36) and his brother Bashir (22).
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved al-Khader and Beit Fajar villages, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested 6 civilians. The arrested civilians were identified as Othman Mohammed Salah (37), Mahmud Khalil Ghunaim (35), Ashraf Salah (38), Mahmud Mohammed Salah (30), Mohammed Rebhi (33) and Ali Samir Taqatqah (28).
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Wad al-Mughaier area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmud Abdul Salam Sulhab (50) and then arrested his son Mohammed Anas (19).
- At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Zawiyah village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses. At approximately 04:00, they arrested Masou’d Raieq Abu al-Wafa (45) and took him to an unknown destination.
- Around the same time, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, west of Gaza City, heavily opened fire and pumped water at Palestinian fishing boats and then surrounded them. According to a statement of Zakariya Bakr, coordinator of fishermen committees, the Israeli gunboats were after the fishing boats sailing within 6 nautical miles, west of Gaza city. They also pumped water at them. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee for fear of being arrested or wounded and no casualties were reported.
Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah, Tarqumia, Sa’ir, Beit Marsum and Dora villages in Hebron.
Friday, 11 November 2016
- At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Ein Beit al-Maa’ refugee camp, west of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Nedal Hamdi (20) and then arrested him.
- At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Qasem Adel Husain Abu Khader (20) and Yusuf Sa’id Abu al-Sheikh (20). They ordered their families to hand over their sons. They then arrested Qasem and Yusuf after checking their ID cards.
- At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Wad al-Tofah neighborhood, west of Nablus, and stationed opposite to al-Shaghour Park. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Hani Hamdi (20) and then arrested him.
- At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Tubas and stationed in al-Hawouz area, west of the city. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nader Mustafa Mohammed Sawaftah (40) and then arrested him.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses. At approximately 04:00, they arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Salamah (30) and Majd Ahmed Ba’jawi (21), a fourth year university student in.
Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Qaryout village, southeast of Nablus, Yatta and Tafouh villages in Hebron.
Saturday, 12 November 2016
Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Oula, al-Shayoukh, Hadab al-‘Alaqah and al-Surrah villages in Hebron.
Sunday, 13 November 2016
- At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Duheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Basel Walid Da’amsah (20) and Mohammed Sami Shahin (20).
- At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Rahman Ahmed Hamed (16) and then arrested him.
- At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Fajar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then handed summonses to 5 civilians to refer to the Israeli intelligence services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city. The arrested civilians were identified as Ali Mohammed Taqtqah (28), Ali Mohammed Thawabtah (30), Ahmed Abdul Rahman Thawabtah (30), Abdul Rahman Sobhi Thawabtah (20) and Shadi Sobhi Thawabtah (21).
Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Ein Ya’bud village, northeast of Ramallah, Hawarah village, south of Nablus and Husan village, west of Bethlehem.
Monday, 14 November 2016
- At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Husan village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Ibrahim Abu Yabes (15) and then arrested him.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron, and stationed in al-Hilah area. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Osama Mustafa Makhamrah (33) and Shadi Ismail Zain (31) and then arrested them.
- At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mojahed Nemr al-Farouh (27) and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem.
- At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Dawhah village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then handed summonses to Qusai Khaled Abu Salem (21) and Omer ‘Atah Mahmud (18) to refer to the Israeli intelligence services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city, for interrogation.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses. At approximately 04:00, they arrested Nawaf Husain Jalad (40).
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Surif village, west of Hebron, and stationed in al-Matinah area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Ismail Ghunaimat (52) and then arrested him.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ommar village, north of Hebron, and stationed in al-Baten and al-Latoun areas. They raided and searched a furniture store belonging to Kamal Zain ‘Adi. At the same time, another Israeli force raided and searched a house belonging to the family of a physically disabled civilian namely Mohammed Mahmud Abdul Aziz Awad (31) and then arrested him. They took him to “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem.
- At approximately 22:30, Israeli forces moved into Kufel Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched 4 houses and handed summonses to 4 persons identified as: Ayman Aziz Rida Jaber (45), Basel Mahmoud Essa (43), Mohammed Abdul Hamid Mohammed Mousa (54) and Sedqi Ahmed Obaid (56).
- Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (9) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: al-Naqurah village, northwest of the city, al-Thaheriyah and Ethna villages, in Hebron, Qalqiliyah, al-Nabi Elyas and Azzoun villages, east of the city.
Tuesday, 15 November 2016
- At approximately 00:00, a group of Israeli undercover agents sneaked into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They used 2 civilian cars with Palestinian registration plates and stationed near the main street of the camp. They surrounded a house belonging to Thaer Fathi Abdul Fatah Qandeel (29) near Qurtuba (Cordoba) Elementary School for Girls. Later, many military jeeps raided the camp to support the undercover agents. They stationed on the building’s roofs and ordered the inhabitants to go down to the streets through loudspeakers. When Na’im (25), Thaer’s brother, went to the street, the agents caught him and detained him near a supermarket. After that, the Israeli forces interrogated his brother Qassam (22) and family members on the spot. They also asked them where Thaer was and they said he was not home. The soldiers opened fire at the first floor of the house ordering Thaer to turn himself in. An hour later, they opened fire at the second floor where he and his wife live. They ordered Thaer to turn himself in and interrogated the family on the spot while attacking Na’im and Qassam. At approximately 05:30, Israeli soldiers arrested Thaer from the house of his neighbours.
- At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jaber Abdul Qader al-Titi and handed summonses to his sons Abdul Qader and Shamekh to refer to the Israeli intelligence services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Rahman Mustafa Za’oul (15) and then arrested him.
- At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ommar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Ahmed Mousa Ekhmais (37). They then arrested him and took him to an unknown destination. Israeli forces also raided and searched houses of Bader Mahmud Ekhlaiel, Sa’di Ekhlaiel and Faisal Mahmud Ekhmais under the pretext of searching for wanted persons.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into ‘Anin village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses near the annexation wall. At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces withdrew from the area and no arrests were reported.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Abiyat village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Jabar Jamal ‘Abiyat (19). They then handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city.
- At approximately 03:40, Israeli forces moved into Selwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to the families of Leith Ahmed Mohammed Hamed (22) and Emad Yassin Sobhi Hamed (21). Israeli forces arrested the 2 aforementioned civilians and confiscated a car belonging to the first.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Bubya village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jamal Mostafa al-Khateeb (54). They arrested the aforementioned person although he is a former prisoner and has health problems.
- At approximately 17:00, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, northwest of al-Wahah shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. Two Israeli gunboats surrounded a fishing boat belonging to As’ad Mohammed al-Sultan, which was manned by his sons Abdul Hafez (37) and Ammar (23), both from al-Salateen neighbourhood in Beit Lahia. The boat was sailing nearly 500 meters offshore and about 1500 meters away from the northern maritime boundary with Israel. The Israeli soldiers ordered the abovementioned fishermen to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards the gunboat. They then confiscated the boat in addition to the fishing nets and then took the detained fishermen to Ashdod port. At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 16 November 2016, Israeli authorities released Ammar al-Sultan through Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing while kept his brother Abdul Hafez and the boat in custody.
Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Ethna, Bani Na’iem and al-Hijrah villages and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron.
Wednesday, 16 November 2016
- At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ramallah. They raided a building in the centre of the city in which the Health Improvement Program’s office is. They damaged the office’s doors and content. After that, they confiscated some electronic appliances and withdrew later.
- Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They arrested Ibrahim Atallah Awad (23) and Mostafa Jamal Abu Warda (22) and took them to an unknown destination.
- At approximately 21:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles. They also fired flare bombs overhead. However, neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
- Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (7) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Zabouba village, west of Jenin; al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah; Beit Seera village, west of the city; and Beit Oula, Sa’ir, Karza and Abu al-Asja villages in Hebron.
- Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall
- At approximately 09:30 on Thursday, 10 November 2016, dozens of Palestinians gathered at the northern entrance to Birzeit village (Atarah Bridge), north of Ramallah, to organize a protest commemorating the 12th anniversary of the death of the late President Yasser Arafat. The protesters threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired live bullets and metal bullets in response. As a result, Anas Mohammed Jaber Zaid (15), from al-Jalazoun refugee camp, sustained wounds. The Israeli soldiers then arrested him and took him to an unknown destination.
- At approximately 13:15, on Friday, 11 November 2016, Palestinian civilians and international solidarity activists organized a protest in the center of Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliya, and then made their way to the eastern entrance of the village in protest against closing that entrance since the beginning of al-Aqsa Intifada with an iron gate. When the protesters approached the entrance, Israeli forces fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Majdi Majed Abdul Mo’men Jom’ah (13) was hit with a tear gas canister to the right leg.
- Following the Friday prayer also, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and Ni’lin villages, west of Ramallah; and al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of the city, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protesters, firing live and metal bullets and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and houses. As a result, many of the protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises as Israeli soldiers beat them up.
- At approximately 02:00 following Friday prayer, 11 November 2016, dozens of Palestinian civilians made their way to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, to participate in activities supporting Jerusalem. They threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at the protesters in response. As a result, ‘Aref Awad Mohammed Abu Jaber (24) sustained a live bullet wound to the left feet. He then was transported to Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in Deir El-Balah to receive the necessary medical treatment.
- At approximately 03:00 on Friday, Israeli forces stationed at the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israeli, east of al-Sheja’eya neighbourhood, east of Gaza city, opened fire at dozens of Palestinian young men, who were in their way to “Nahal Oz” area, east of al- Sheja’eya neighbourhood, to participate in activities supporting Jerusalem. As a result, 3 civilians sustained wounds. The wounded were transferred by an ambulance of the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to al-Shifaa’ Hospital in Gaza to receive medical treatment. Their wounds ranged between moderate and minor.
The wounded civilians were identified as:
- Saed al-Abed Mohammed Eshlash (32). He sustained a live bullet wound to the leg and his injury was classified as minor;
- Mousa Monther Fathi Abu Dalal (19). He sustained a live bullet wound to the leg and his injury was classified as minor; and
- Mohammed Naser Mansour al-Qarm (22). He sustained a live bullet wound to the leg as his injury was classified as moderate.
- At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 10 November 2016, Israeli forces accompanied with concrete mixers and their pumps moved into Yatta, south of Hebron, and stationed at al-Hilah area. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ayesh Zain Awad. The soldiers stationed on the roof and deployed around the house. Other soldiers closed a 35-square-meter room, which was a part of an old house that was around 60 square meters. Ayesh’s son Zain (24), who has been detained in the Israeli jails since 09 June 2015, used to live in the abovementioned room. The Israeli forces claimed that Zain planned and helped two civilians form Makhamrah family that carried out a shooting attack in Tel Aviv area in Israel in June 2015. This attack resulted in the injury of 3 Israelis then. Moreover, the soldiers pumped concrete in the room after closing it with iron bars. This was after the Israeli court had rejected the family’s appeal and issued a decision on 02 November 2016 to close the room that Zain used to live in.
- Continued closure of the oPt
Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.
Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.
Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.
Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.
Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.
Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested